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人教版小学五年级英语下册知识点及复习要点

2018-05-17 06:22点击数(0) 加入收藏

Unit One  This Is My Day基本词汇:Activities(活动)Time(时间)频率词get up   起床do morning exercises  晨练have English class  上英语课play sports    进行体育活动play the piano  弹钢琴climb mountains   爬山go shopping    购物go hiking    去远足visit grandparents   看望外/祖父母eat breakfast   吃早饭eat dinner    吃晚饭morning   早上in the   afternoon 下午evening  晚上noon  中午at    night  夜晚6:00 具体时间on Sunday   在星期天when 什么时候always  总是usually  通常often   经常sometimes 有时seldom 很少never 从不(频率程度依次减低)基本句型:1.  询问生活规律:---- When do you ……?你什么时候……?---- I usually… at … Sometimes I….我通常在…(点钟)…(做什么事)。有时…E.g. --- When do you go to school ?    你每天几点去上学?--- I usually go to school at 7:00. Sometimes I go to school at 7:10.2. 询问生活习惯:--- What do you do on the weekend? 你周末做什么?--- I usually / often …..  Sometimes I …..E.g. --- What do you do on the week?--- I often play football. Sometimes I go shopping with my mom.3. 介绍自己的生活习惯:Every weekend I go hiking.  我每个周末远足。Every day I do my homework at 8:00 in the evening.  我每天晚上8点做作业。4. 询问职业:--- What do you do? 你是干什么的?--- I am a doctor / nurse / policeman….5. Thank you for telling me about your day! 谢谢你告诉我你的一天。6. Let’s ….  让我们….(let’s = let us )Let’s go hiking together next Sunday.  下周我们一起去远足吧。句型转换:1.肯定句?一般疑问句:I usually get up at 6:00. ? Doyou usually get up at 6:00?肯定回答:Yes, I do.      否定回答:No, I don’t.(第三人称时) He eats dinner at 6:00p.m.? Does he eat dinner at 6:00p.m.?2.肯定句?否定句:I like playing the piano.? I don’t like playing the piano.I canplay the piano. ? I can’t play the piano.3.划线提问:⑴ I often go shopping on the weekend. → When do you go shopping ?⑵ I often go shopping on the weekend. →What do you do onthe weekend?⑶ I am a student. → What do you do?⑷ I go to school at 7:00. →When do you go toschool?知识延伸:⑴同义词:play sports = do sportseat breakfast/ lunch/ dinner = havebreakfast/ lunch/ dinner⑵同义句: What do you do? = What are you? 你是干什么的?⑶一般将来时:(be going to)The weather report says it is going to rain tomorrow. 天气预报说明天将要下雨。





Unit Two  My Favourite Season基本词汇:Season(季节)Month             Festival(月份)            (节日)Weather(天气)Activity(活动)springMarch   Tree-planting Day  Women’s dayApril    April Fool’s DayMay    Labor Day   Mother’ s Daywindyandwarmplant treessummerJune  Children’s  Day  Dragon boat FestivalFather’ s DayJuly   Party building  DayAugust   Army Daysunnyandhotswimfall(autumn)September   Teachers’ DayMid-autumn FestivalOctober     National Day   HalloweenNovember   Thanksgiving  Day  Halloweenwindyandcoolfly kiteswinterDecember   Christmas DayJanuary     New Year’s  DayFebruary    Spring  Festivalwindyandcoldskatemake a snowman基本句型:1. 询问喜欢哪个季节:⑴--- Which season do you like best?    你最喜欢哪个季节?---I like +季节+ best.  (例:I likespring∕summer∕fall∕winter best)---或:I like summer, because I can swim in the sea.⑵--- Whatis your favourite season?    你最喜爱的季节是什么?--- Spring∕summer∕fall∕winter is my favourite season.2. 询问天气:--- What is the weather like in fall inBeijing?  北京秋天的天气是怎么样的?--- It is sunny and cool.3. 询问理由:--- Why do you like winter best?   为什么你最喜欢冬天?--- Because I can play with snow and make asnowman.4. 询问想要做什么--- What would you like to do?--- I’d like to climb∕play sports……   ( I’d = I would )5. 询问具体季节--- What season is it in March in Beijing?  北京的三月份是什么季节?--- It is spring.6. 询问能做什么--- What can I do there?    我在那里能做什么?--- You can go to the Great Wall.     你可以去长城。7. 询问接下来打算去哪里?( be going to一般将来时)--- Where are you going on vacation?   假期你打算去哪里?--- I am going toCanada.     我将要去加拿大。8. Summer is fromJune to August.    六月至八月是夏天。9. How do Ilook?    我看起来怎么样?10. Send me apostcard.   寄明信片给我。11. How did THAThappen?    那是怎么发生的!12. When is the best time to go to Beijing? Fall.  什么时候最适合去北京?秋天。知识延伸:1. 特殊疑问句:⑴which 引导的特殊疑问句,询问喜欢哪个季节: Which season do you like best?⑵why  引导的特殊疑问句,询问喜欢某个季节的原因:Why do you like summer?⑶when 引导的特殊疑问句,询问什么时候:When is the best time to go to Beijing?2. 第三人称单数形式: say—says (说)    ask—asks (问)     come—comes (来)3. 单复数:tree—trees (树)   leaf—leaves (叶子)4. 同义词:fall—autumn 秋天5. 同义句:Which season do you like best? ----- What’s yourfavourite season?6.  snowy 下雪的   cloudy多云的  rainy下雨的7. 相似短语:  play with snow玩雪            like to swim游泳  ( like+ to do)play in the snow 在雪地玩        likeswimming 游泳( like + doing)句型转换:1. 肯定句?一般疑问句:⑴ I like summer. ? Do you like summer?肯定回答:Yes, I do.      否定回答:No, I don’t.⑵ It is sunny and hot. ? Is it sunny and hot?肯定回答:Yes,it is.      否定回答:No, it isn’t.⑶ The sky is very blue.? Is the sky very blue?The leaves arecolourful. → Are the leaves colourful?2. 划线提问:⑴ I like summerbest. → Which season do you like best?⑵ Myfavourite season is winter. → What isyour favourite season?⑶ It is sunnyin May in Beijing. → What is the weather like in May in Beijing?⑷ I’d liketo swim. → What would you like to do?

全写与缩写:I am = I’myou are  = you’rewho is  = who’sdo not = don’tcan not = can’tI would = I’dlet us = let’sdoes not = doesn’t动词原形→第三人称单数形式:普通形式直接在动词后+ s: 如 like→likes、 ask→asks、 play→plays 、come→comes特殊形式have → hasdo → doeswatch →  watchesUnit 3  My  birthday基本词汇:month(月份)winterspringsummerfall(autumn)December(Dec.)March(Mar.)June (Jun.)September(Sept.)January(Jan.)April(Apr.)July(Jul.)October(Oct.)February(Feb.)MayAugust(Aug.)November(Nov.)ps月份的另一种缩写形式为:仅仅大写前三个字母,如:JAN 一月、  FEB二月numbers(数字)基数词onetwothreefourfive序数词first(1st)second(2nd)third(3rd)fourth(4th)fifth(5th)基数词eightninetwelvetwenty序数词eighth(8th)ninth(9th)twelfth(12th)twentieth(20th)基本句型:1. 询问生日的时间:⑴---- Whenis your / his / her birthday? 你的/ 他的/ 她的生日在什么时候?---- My / his / her birthday is in June.在六月。⑵---- Is your / his / her birthday inJuly?  你的 / 他的/ 她的生日在七月吗?---- Yes, it is.  /  No, it isn’t.2. 询问日期:---- What is the datetoday? / What date is it today? 今天几号?---- It is June 1st.  今天六月一号。区分:(问星期)---- What dayis it today? 今天星期几?---- It is Sunday. 今天星期天。3. 问节日:---- When is the Teachers’ Day? 教师节是什么时候?---- It is September 10th.4.询问一个月里有多少人生日:---- How many birthdays arethere in January? 一月有多少人生日?---- There are … .5. 询问谁的生日在某月:---- Who has a birthday in October? 谁的生日在十月?(同义句:Whose birthday is in Oct.?)---- Me.我。6. ---- What areyou doing,John?约翰,你在做什么?---- I am making a birthday chart for ourfamily. 我正在做我们家的生日表。7. ---- Does shehave a computer? 她有电脑吗?---- No, she doesn’t. 不,她没有。8. ---- Then shewon’t be able to see the card. 那她不可能看见这卡片。(won’t = will not)句型转换:⒈肯定句→一般疑问句:①把be动词(am/is/are)调到句首:第一、二人称:My birthday is in June. ? Is your birthday in June?第三人称:John’s birthday is May 1st. ? Is John’sbirthday May 1st?(这里主要讲的是生日,因此回答一律用 it 来回答:Yes, it is. / No, itisn’t. )②以助动词do的适当形式引导:第一、二人称:Ihave a computer. ? Do you have a computer? (Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. )第三人称:Shehas a computer. ? Does she have a computer? (Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.)(当句子出现does的时候,句中的动词要使用动词的原形。)⒉肯定句?否定句:在be动词(am/is/are)后+ not:His birthday is in Jan. ? His birthday isn’tin Jan. ( is not = isn’t )⒊划线提问:⑴ My birthday is in Feb.. →When is your birthday?⑵ Amy’sbirthday is Apr. 9th. → Whosebirthday is Apr. 9th ?⑶ John’s birthday is in Oct.. → Who hasa birthday in Oct. ?⑷ There are five birthdays in Jan.. →Howmany birthdays are there in Jan.?⑸ The Children’s Day is June 1st. → When is the Children’sDay?

Unit 4  What are you doing?基本词汇:动词原形(一般现在时)→动词的现在分词形式(现在进行时)cook dinner → cooking  dinnerlisten to music → listening  to musicdraw pictures → drawing  pictureswash the clothes  → washing  the clothesdo the dishes → doing  the dishesclean the room → cleaning  the roomread a book → reading  a bookwrite a letter → writing  a letteranswer the phone  → answering the phonewrite an e-mail → writing  an e-maildo homework → doing  homework

句型转换:⒈肯定句→一般疑问句:把be动词(am/is/are)调到句首,第一、二人称互换:第一、二人称:I’m drawing pictures. ? Are you drawing pictures?(Yes, I am. / No, I am not.)第三人称:Amy is doing homework. ? Is Amy doinghomework? (Yes, she is. / No, sheisn’t.)【当第三人称是男性,回答时用he代替;是女性,则用she代替,若是复数则用they】⒉肯定句→否定句:在be动词(am/is/are)后+ not :I am doing my homework. →I am not doing my homework.He is listening to music. → He isn’t listening to music. ( isn’t = is not )⒊划线提问:⑴ I am drawing pictures. →What are you doing?⑵ Amy is writing a letter in thestudy. → What is Amy doing in the study?Amy is writing a letter in the study. →Who is Amy doing in the study?Amy is writing a letter in the study.→Whereis Amy drawing pictures?

例:I amlistening to music.     He is doinghomework.    They are running.【注意:凡是出现 now、look、listen等词,该句的动词则需要用现在分词形式】

Unit5  Look at the monkeys基本词汇:动词原形→动词的现在分词形式(V-ing)→第三人称单数形式fly → flying → flies          飞sleep → sleeping → sleeps     睡觉jump → jumping → jumps      跳climb → climbing → climbs   往上爬run → running → runs        跑fight → fighting → fights     打架swim → swimming → swims   游泳swing → swinging → swings   荡秋千walk → walking → walks      走drink → drinking → drinks     喝



句型转换:⒈肯定句→一般疑问句:把be动词(is/are)∕can调到句首,其他保持不变:The tiger is running. → Is the tiger running? (Yes, it’s.  /  No, it isn’t. )The pandas are sleeping. → Are the pandas sleeping?  (Yes, they are.  /  No,they aren’t. )The tiger can swim. → Can the tiger swim? (Yes, it can.  /  No, they can’t. )⒉肯定句→否定句:在be动词(am/is/are)、情态动词can后+ notThe tiger is running. → The tiger isn’trunning.  (isn’t = is not)The pandas are sleeping. → The pandasaren’t sleeping.  (aren’t = are not)The tiger can swim. → The tiger can’tswim.  (can’t = can not)⒊划线提问:⑴ The tiger is running. →What is the tiger doing?The tigers are running.→ What arethe tigers doing?⑵ I see five birds. → What do you see?⑶ I see five birds. →Howmany birds do you see?知识延伸:⒈在英语中,当表示妈妈时,无论是人类的妈妈还是动物的妈妈,都可以用she来指代。如:----What is the mother elephant doing?  大象妈妈正在干什么?----She is walking. 她正在走。⒉be动词的用法:我是am      你是(他们是∕她们是∕它们是)are       it跟着他、她、它单数is       复数areUnit 6   Afield trip基本词汇:动词原形→动词的现在分词形式(V-ing)catch  butterflies → catching butterflieshave a picnic → having a  picnicpick up leaves → picking  up leavescount insects → counting  insectstake photos →  taking photoswrite a report → writinga reportwatch insects → watching  insectscollect leaves → collecting  leavesdo an experiment  → doing  an experimentplay chess → playing  chesswoods树林    interesting有趣的    vegetable蔬菜    honey蜂蜜    sweet food甜食thing东西     together一起        tell告诉         leave离开     over there那里基本句型:⒈询问某人正在做什么:What + be动词+人物+V-ing.---- What is Mike doing?---- He is watching insects.⒉询问某人是不是正在做某事:be动词+人物+V-ing?---- Are they catching butterflies?---- Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.⒊What do ants like to eat? They like sweet food. 蚂蚁喜欢吃什么?它们喜欢甜食。⒋That is interesting. 太有趣了。⒌Come and have a look at the ants. 过来看看这些蚂蚁。⒍Do an experiment on me, please. 请用我来做实验。⒎He is in the woods. 他在树林里。⒏Tell him we’re leaving. 告诉他我们要离开了。⒐She is running to us. 她正向我们跑来。⒑She is over there. 她在那里。        I am coming. 我来了。知识延伸:⒈表示用什么做实验时,要用on,如:Do an experiment on me, please.⒉It is time to后面接动词原形,如:It is time to have lunch. 到吃午餐的时间了。Itis time for后面接名词,如:It is time for English class. 到英语课时间了。⒊单复数:butterfly—butterflies蝴蝶     leaf—leaves叶子     insect—insects昆虫wood树木— woods树林      ant—ants蚂蚁★可数名词变复数的变化规则:①一般在词尾加s,如:books、bags、fruits、girls、pens、②以th结尾的名词,词尾+s,如:months、mouths、paths③以s、x、z、ch、sh结尾的名词加es,如classes、boxes、peaches、fishes④以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i再+es,如:family-families 、baby-babi  es以元音字母加y结尾的名词直接在词尾+s, 如: boy-boys、day-days、toy-toys⑤以辅音+o结尾的名词,词尾+es ,如:tomato-tomatoes 、potato-potatoes但某些却是+s,如:photo-photos、以元音+o结尾的名词,词尾+s ,如:zoo-zoos、radio-radios、kangaroo-kangaroos⑥以f、fe结尾的名词变f、fe为ves,如:wolf- wolves、life-lives、knife-knives★  目前已学的不可数名词有:bread面包    rice米饭    honey蜂蜜    water水   juice果汁   meat肉milk牛奶

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